National Speed Skating Oval


                  The National Speed Skating Oval will host the speed skating competitions during the Beijing 2022 Olympic and Paralympic Winter Games. People would love to address it as "The Ice Ribbon", the shape of which resembles the skating trails of fast-speed skaters. The skating hall of the Oval has an ice surface of about 12,000 square meters, making it the largest speed skating stadium in Asia. The Oval is the world's first Winter Olympic venue using carbon dioxide transcritical direct cooling ice-making technology. The temperature difference on the ice surface does not exceed 0.5 degrees centigrade, which is beneficial for athletes to log good results.


                  Wukesong gymnasium


                  Wukesong gymnasium was designed and built for the Beijing 2008 Olympic Games. It has an instantly recognisable exterior, which can be lit up in an array of different colours at night. In 2015, work began on the arena to install an ice rink – which can be converted back into a basketball court in under six hours. In 2016, the gymnasium was an arena for both basketball and ice hockey events. After a modification of its ice making and dehumidification systems, it can switch between ice hockey and basketball setups.


                  Chinese National Alpine Skiing Centre


                  The Chinese National Alpine Skiing Centre is situated in the Xiaohaituo Mountain Area in northwest Yanqing. The starting point of the skiing centre has a maximum steepness of 68 degrees—one of the steepest race tracks in the world. With a kite-like shape, this structure tops off at the highest altitude in Beijing. The skiing centre has seven ski slopes with a total length of about 9.2 kilometres and its largest vertical drop reaches 893 meters.


                  National Indoor Stadium


                  In 2022, the National Indoor Stadium will be the venue for the para ice hockey during the Paralympics. In its upgrade and reconstruction project, a new ice hockey training hall has been built on the north side of the main hall. The facade of the training hall is decorated with 863 pieces of ice flower pattern embossed glass, so the National Indoor Stadium is nicknamed as Ice Castle.


                  National Ski Jumping Center


                  The National Ski Jumping Center is built halfway up the mountains in the Guyangshu area, Zhangjiakou. Featuring two slopes and located around 1,750 meters above sea level, the center's S-type curve resembles the shape of a jade Ruyi scepter, a traditional Chinese ceremonial object-earning it the nickname "Snow Ruyi".

                  國家跳臺滑雪中心位于張家口群山環繞的古楊樹場館群。中心設有兩條賽道,賽道起點的海拔高度約1750米。場館 S型的曲線宛若中國傳統吉祥飾物“如意”,因此又被稱為“雪如意”。


                  Figure skating      


                  Singles events are performed by one person, whereas a pair event is always a man and a woman, who together perform difficult and amazing tricks such as spins and jumps as they skate across the smooth surface of the ice. Ice dancing is similar to pairs figure skating. It is always done by a team comprised of a man and a woman. They must do four dances, and two of these dances are the same for all dancers. The other two dances are called the "original dance" and "free dance" respectively. The skaters are ranked by judges according to their technical score and presentation score.


                  Short track speed skating


                  The short track events occur on a 111-meter oval track. The skaters race in a pack of 4-8 at a time, and the first person crossing the finish line is the winner.




                  Bobsleigh is a winter sport invented by the Swiss in the 19th century. In 1924, a four-man race took place at the first ever Olympic Winter Games in Chamonix. A two-man event was added at the 1932 Lake Placid Games in a format that has remained to the present. The first women's bobsleigh event - the two-woman bobsled - was held in 2002 at the Salt Lake Winter Games in the United States.




                  Skeleton is considered the world's first sliding sport. Skeleton appeared at the 1928 and 1948 St. Moritz Winter Games. These were indeed its only two appearances before it was permanently added to the Olympic program in 2002 at the Salt Lake Winter Games. Since then, there have been two events: one men's and one women's.


                  Nordic Combined     


                  Nordic combined is a winter sport in which athletes compete incross-country skiing and ski jumping. Until the 1950s, the cross-country race was held first, followed by the ski jumping. This was reversed as the score advantage in the cross-country race tended to be too big to overcome in ski jumping.


                  Cross-country skiing    


                  Cross-country skiing is a form of skiing where skiers rely on their own locomotion to move across snow-covered terrain, rather than using ski lifts or other forms of assistance. Cross-country skiing is widely practiced as a sport and recreational activity; however, some still use it as a means of transportation.


                  Alpine skiing    


                  Alpine skiing is one of the signature competitions at the Winter Olympics. Competitors regularly reach speeds of up to 152 km/h, all while navigating a winding course full of sharp turns and soaring jumps. There are 11 events in the Alpine competition at the 2022 Games, with 33 medals up for grabs. Alpine skiing is one of the most physically demanding sports in the Winter Olympic Games, which is arguably reflected in the fact that in the entire history of Alpine skiing at the Winter Games, only five athletes have successfully defended their Olympic crowns across all events in the competition.


                  Ski jumping    


                  Ski jumping has been a part of the Winter Olympic programme since the first Games in Chamonix in 1924, when the men's large hill was the sole event. A normal hill competition was added for the 1964 Innsbruck Games, with the men's team large hill joining the programme in 1988. The women's competition was only added for the 2014 Sochi Games, while the mixed team event is new for 2022.



                  Wheelchair Curling   


                  Wheelchair curling is an adaptation of curling for athletes with a disability affecting their lower limbs or gait. It is played with the same rocks and on the same ice as regular curling, though the rocks are thrown from a stationary wheelchair and there is no sweeping. Rocks may be thrown by hand while leaning over the side of the wheelchair, or pushed by a delivery stick.


                  Para cross-country skiing


                  Para cross-country skiing first appeared at the 1976 Winter Paralympic Games in Sweden. The competition is open to athletes with a physical impairment and vision impairment. As a recreational activity, it is widely practiced among winter sport lovers; however, some still use it as a means of transportation.


                  Para Snowboard   


                  The para snowboard competition includes male and female athletes with a physical impairment such as spinal injury, cerebral palsy and amputation. After many years of campaigning, in 2012 it was announced that snowboard would make its debut at the Sochi 2014 Paralympic Winter Games as part of the alpine skiing program.


                  Para ice hockey   


                  Since its debut at Lillehammer 1994 Winter Games, the Paralympic version of ice hockey has quickly become one of the largest attractions for spectators. It is fast-paced, highly physical and played by male and female athletes with a physical impairment in the lower part of the body.


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